CIW Ch3 Q1

Term Definition
4G Wireless phone network capable of delivering high speed broadband internet access to mobile devices.
4G mobile hotspot A device that connects a wireless local area network to a wireless phone network at broadband speeds.
Advanced research projects agency A US department of defense agency that created the first global computer network.
Advance research projects agency network A computer network, funded by ARPA, that served as the basis for early networking research and was the backbone during the development of the internet.
Backbone The highest level in the computer network hierarchy, to which smaller networks typically connect.
Bandwidth The amount of information, sometimes called traffic, that can be carried on a network at one time.
Client An individual computer connected to a network.
Digital subscriber line A high speed direct internet connection that uses all digital networks.
Domain name An IP address represented in words.
Domain name server A server that resolves domain names into IP addresses.
Domain name system (DNS) A system that maps uniquely hierarchical names to specific internet addresses.
File transfer protocol (FTP) An internet protocol used to transfer files between computers; allows file transfer without corruption or alteration.
Fully qualified domain name The complete domain name of an internet computer, such as www.CIWcertified.com
Gateway A node on a network that serves as a portal to other networks.
Hexadecimal A base-16 number system that allows large numbers to be displayed by fewer characters than if the number were displayed in the regular base-10 system.
Host A computer that other computers can use to gain information.
Hypertext link Highlighted or underlined text in a web page that, when clicked, links the user to another location or web page
Hypertext transfer protocol The protocol for transporting HTML document across the internet.
Integrated services digital network A communication standard for sending voice, video or data over digital telephone lines.
Internet A worldwide network of interconnected networks.
Internet assigned numbers authority The international organization responsible for allocation of IP addresses.
Internet message access protocol A protocol that resides on an incoming mail server.
Internet protocol The data transmission standard for the internet.
Internet service provider An organization that maintains a gateway to the internet and rents access to customers on a per-use or subscription basis.
Local area network A group of computers connected within a confined geographic area.
Modem An analog device hat enables computers to communicate over telephone lines by translating digital data into audio/analog signals.

Mr. Lenow’s Vocab Vocabulary 8th Grade Science

Question Answer
No Definite Shape, No definite volume. Atoms free to move gas
no definite shape, definite volume. Atoms slide past each-other liquid
definite shape, definite volume. Atoms vibrate in place. solid
super-heated gas that has become electrically charged plasma
explains how particles behave in matter Kinetic Theory
The total energy of the motion of a materials particles Thermal Energy
The average kinetic energy of a material's particles. (How Fast) Temperature
Solid with regular repeating patterns. Have a definite melting Point Crystalline Solid
Solid with no repeating pattern. No definite melting point amorphous solid
The temperature that a solid changes to a liquid Melting Point
The thermal energy required for a solid to melt Heat of Fusion
Resistance of a liquid to flow/pour Viscosity
Spreading of gas particles to fill their container diffusion
Temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas Boiling Point
Energy required to vaporize a liquid Heat of Vaporization
Increase in volume due to heating Thermal expansion
Change in state of matter from one phase to another Phase Change
Solid to a liquid. Absorbs heat Melting
Liquid to a gas throughout a liquid. Absorbs heat. More thermal energy required Vaporization
Liquid to a gas ONLY AT THE SURFACE. Less thermal energy required evaporation
Gas to a liquid. Releases heat condensation
Liquid to a solid. Releases Heat Freezing
Temperature stays the same during this Phase Change
Force exerted per unit area. Measured in Pascals Pressure
Results from gas particles hitting the walls of their container Gas pressure
At constant temp, volume increases as pressure decreases Boyle's Law
At constant Pressure, Volume increases as Temperature increases Charles' Law
When everyone agrees to use the same units of measurement Standard Units
The system used by the scientific community and internationally Metric System
The space/distance between two points distance/length
Metric unit for Length meter
The amount of matter in an object mass
Metric unit for mass gram
Tool used to measure mass Triple Beam Balance
The amount of space an object takes up volume
Metric unit for volume Liter
Tool used to measure volume Graduated Cylinder
The force of gravity on an object Weight
Metric Unit for weight Newton
Tool used to measure weight Spring Scale
Metric Unit for Temperature Celsius or Kelvin
The amount of mass in a certain space Density
Equation for Density D=M/V
The process scientists use to answer questions Scientific Method
This is always stated in the form of a question Problem
1. problem 2. Research 3. Hypothesis
4. Experiment 5. Results 6. Conclusion
6 Steps of the scientific method
An educated Guess. Always in an if/then format hypothesis
What the scientist/you change Independent Variable
What you measure Dependent Variable
What stays the same in an experiment Constant
what you compare your results to. Does not get IV Control
Data and charts/graphs Results
Anything that has mass and takes up space Matter
The smallest particle of matter that still has properties of the element it comes from Atom
Simplest type of matter that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance element
Two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio compound
Two or more substances physically combined in no definite ratio mixture
Mixture that is blended evenly and light can shine through it. Looks the same throughout Homogeneous Mixture
Mixture that is not blended evenly and the different parts are visible Heterogeneous Mixture
Characteristics of a substance that can be observed (5 senses) without changing the identity Physical property
Change in size, shape, or state of matter Physical Change
Characteristics indicating if a something can change chemically. Have to be tested for. Chemical Property
Always produces a new substance Chemical Change
Mass cannot be created or destroyed, it can just change form. Law of Conservation of Mass

Stem changing verbs

Term Definition
Almorzar To eat lunch
Cerrar To close
Contar To count
Costar To cost
Dormir To sleep
Empezar To begin
Encontrar To find
Entender To understand
Jugar To play
Morir To die
Pedir To ask for
Pensar To think
Poder To be able to
Preferir To prefer
Querer To want
Recordar To remember
Repetir To repeat
Sentir To feel
Servir To serve
Volar To fly
Volver To come back

CIW Lesson 1

Term Definition
Markup languages A series of commands used to format, organize and describe information on a Web page.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) A technology that allows greater style definition and formatting control of HTML elements. Formatting can be placed within the HTML or called remotely from an external style sheet.
Cloud computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.

1.03 key terms

Term Definition
character any single letter, number, symbol, or punctuation mark.
Character spacing the spacing in and around each character of text
character styles a style that is applied to individual characters or words that users have selected
font a set of characters that have the same design
live preview live preview shows you how your document will look with the selected feature
paragraph a style in which the formats are applied instantly to all text in the paragraph where the insertion point is located, whether or not text is selected
point size a measurement that refers to the height of characters with one point equaling approximately 1/12 of an inch
text effects a font command group that adds a distinctive appearance, such as outlines, shadows, glows or reflections, to selected text
wordart decorative text that enhances text

Stack #2589094

Question Answer
accounting period The period of time covered by an accounting report
accounting system A system designed to collect, document, and report on business transactions
business entity The accounting assumption that a business exists independently of its owner's personal holdings.
charter The legal permission, granted by state, that gives a corporation certain rights.
computerized accounting system A type of an accounting system in which information is recorded by entering it into a computer
corporation Recognized by law to have a life of its own
entrepreneur A person who transform ideas for products or services into real-world business
financial accounting The type of accounting that focuses on reporting information to external users
financial reports Documents that present summarized information about the financial status of a business
free enterprise system A system in which individuals are free to produce the goods and services they choose
GAAP A collection of commonly-followed accounting rules and standards for financial reporting
going concern The accounting assumption that a business is expected to operate indefinitely
management accounting Focuses on reporting information to management
manual accounting system Information is processed by hand
merchandising business A business that buys finished goods and resells them to individuals or other businesses
partnership Business owned by two or more people
service business Provides a needed service for a fee
sole proprietorship personally responsible for debt

CIW Lesson 1

Term Definition
Markup Languages A series of commands used to format, organize and describe information on a Web page.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) A technology that allows greater style definition and formatting control of HTML elements. Formatting can be placed within the HTML or called remotely from an external style sheet.
Cloud computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.

CIW Lesson 1

Question Answer
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) rules in an external text file that determine how to display HTML elements in your Web pages
markup languages A series of commands used to format, organize and describe information on a Web page.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
Cloud computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.

spelling1cm

word sentence
happy I am happy most of the time.
school I love school.
nervous I was nervous the first day.
excited I was also excited the first day.
fun Recess is fun.
first The first day of school is scary.
principal The principal is Ms. Westhead.
scared I was scared of monsters when I was little.

Sponsorships

Term Definition
Sponsors Organizations, firms, or individuals that give teams money in exchange for naming rights and advertising rights on stadium signage.
Signage The collective use of signs, symbols, or design. Stadiums may reserve areas where sponsors can use signage for advertising purposes
Naming rights The exclusive right of a sponsor to have its name and logo on a stadium
Negotiation The process through which two or more parties with competing interests reach an agreement.
Brand An image, logo, or name that consumers associate with a particular company.
Association principle A principle holding that people simplify decision making by relying on visceral responses to questions related to topics such as peer acceptance or rejection.
Passion transference A term used to describe the process by which fans of a sports team strengthen their allegiance to brands associated with that team.
Product promotions/ endorsements When a celebrity recommends that consumers buy a product or service provided by a sponsor.
Bidding war When two or more companies try to outbid the other for something, such as a sponsorship opportunity.
Profit margin The income a team is left with after paying operating and administrative expenses.
TV broadcast rights The rights to broadcast a team’s games on TV (and often the Internet).
Perceived value The value attached to something—such as a sports sponsorship—by the person seeking to acquire it.