American History chapter 1, 2, and 15

Question Answer
Popular Sovereignty ruled by people
Government maintains order, provides services and national security
politics the effort to control or influence conduct and policies of government
Divine Rights of Kings the theory that monarchs rule by the selection or approval of god
Natural laws/ rights human rights
monarchy the government is headed by one person such as a king or queen that exercises supreme authority
Republic an indirect form of democracy in which people elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf
presidential system a form of government that is headed by the president
parliamentary system a form of government where the chief executive is leader whose party holds the most seats in the legislature
liberty the ability of people to act as they chose as long as their choice is not harmful to others
equality the principle that all people have a fundamental moral worth that entitles them to fair treatment under the law and in all aspects of life
self-government the belief that ordinary people can aspire to rule themselves and do so as political equals
rule of law the principle that every member of a society including the ruler must follow the law
free enterprise a economic system in which individuals and businesses are free to engage in economic activities
representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people
magna carta a document signed by King John in 1215
English Bill of Rights a document signed by King Williams that stated that the English monarchy would no longer be able to enact laws, raise taxes, or keep an army without Parliament's consent
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the United States
Laissez-faire the idea that there should be minimal government involved in economic affairs
Adam Smith Scottish economist that wrote "The Wealth of Nations"
Karl Marx the founder of modern socialism
The 4 characteristics of a state population, territory, sovereignty, and government
population how many people are in a given area
territory recognized boundaries and areas
sovereignty decides its own domestic policies
social contract an agreement between the people and the government
state of nature without government people would become out of control
Hobbs believed the bigger government the better people were
Locke government is needed but there needs to be a balance
Rousseau did not believe in having any government
Five key principles of American democracy
Rules of laws the restriction of the arbitrary exercise of power by subordinating it to well-defined and established laws.
Consent of government that the authority of a government should depend on the consent of the people, as expressed by votes in elections.
Limited government is defined as a governing or controlling body whose power exists only within pre-defined limits that are established by a constitution or other source of authority.
Representatives government People who elect government leaders to make laws and govern on there behalf
Individual government In the American democracy, individual rights protected by the government
Three tips of mixed economies Traditional, market, command
Traditional Everything is based on traditional or what happened before you
Market Everything is based on consumer sovereignty you decide
Command The state makes all the decisions if we need more of something than you will be that be