APUSH chapter one

Question Answer
Columbian Exchange After the new and old world split, North and South america started trading goods in 1942. They traded crops, livestock, disease and otheer goods.
New World/Old World Old world- Africa, Europe and asia. New World-western hemispheres known as the "Americas". Made by florintine explorer Amerigo in the 16th century
Ice Age Called Ice age for the temperature reduction on the earths surface with the expansion of polar ice sheets and glaciers.
Beringia During the last ice age, once the water was lowering they found land at the bering and Chukchi seas. They believe this is how Asia populated the Americas. Connected in Russia and Alaska
Conquistadores A conqueror, especially one of the 16th-century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America, or Peru.
Encomienda used by the Spanish crown to regulate Native Americans and to reward individual Spaniards for services to the crown. the Spanish crown granted a person a specified number of natives in charge of mobilizing the assessed tribute and labor.
Cortes a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.
Mestizo person of combined European and Native American descent.
Moctezuma he fifth Aztec emperor and king of Tenochtitlan.
Columbus sailed across the pasific ocean in 1492. This is where he discovered the "new world"
Pizarro Pizarro sailed from Spain to the New World to conquer Peru. Pizarro moved inland and founded the first Spanish settlement in Peru.
Incas/Aztecs incas – was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
aztecs- certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica
Pope’s Rebellion Spanish Roman Catholic's mission in New Mexico began to oppress the natives by attempting to take religious customs. The rebels raided through the Providence destroying churches, killing priests, and kil Spanish settlers along the way. After this attack
Black Legend a style of historical writing or propaganda that demonizes the Spanish Empire, its people and its culture.
Malinche woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, lover, and intermediary for Hernan Cortes.
Ferdinand/Isabella king and queen of the country where christopher colubus was at. They asked him to find new land
Tenochtitlan was an Aztec altepetl (city-state) located on an island captured by the Spanish in 1521.
Small pox dieses that was carried from trading from different countries
God, Glory, Gold Called the 3 G's. Were very important to the Europeans and what christopher columbus got when giving the king new land
What happened 35,000 years ago people crossed the land bridge into the americas
When did the Ice age end 10,000 years ago
How many inhabitants were in the americas 54 million
What major crop was found in the Americas Corn
Azecs are from? Incas are from? Mexico, peru
How many were in north America 4 million Native americans
What did Europeans belive in about humans and earth, what did Natives believe. Europeans believed that humans have dominion over the earth and above nature. Natives believed that humans are a part of nature not above it
What countries were involved in this Europenas, purtuguese, and the Americas
Who rounds the southern tip of Africa Barth Diaz from portuguese
What countries have a rivalry Spain and Portugal.
Who is Gerdinand and Isabellea and what did they do for columbus they are Spanish Monarchs, they fund columbus to said werst to the get to the east
What day did Columbus sail to the Americas October 12, 1492
How did the Natives die 90% of the natives died from disease
Who becomes the dominate exploringand colonizing power in the Americas Spain in the 1500's
Who were the three explorers to go to north America Juan Ponce De Leon-Florida-1513 to 1531
Fancisc cornado- AZ and new mexico- 1540 to 1542
Hernando desoto- florida to mississippi river- 1539 to 1542
the two people that conquered the south and central america Fransico pizzaro and hernan cortez
What did cortez do at ehe yucatan peninuslas 1519 he arrived there with 16 horses, 11 ships and 100's men to get Mallinch
Mallinich did what she recruited 20,000 native american wo wanted to rebel aztecs
What happens in 1521 Tenochitian falls in August 13