Question Answer
Columbian exchange

(15-16 century)

-plants, animals, culture
-Christopher C.> increased population
-lead to Transatlantic slave trade
•Tobacco, gold
-First settlement of the British (Virginia Colony)

-104 men and boys not skilled in cultivating food

-Created House of Burgesses

House of Burgesses
-1st legislative body (oldest in New World)
-Wealthy white
-Elected representatives
Massachusetts Bay Colony
-Puritans who sought permanent settlement
-First colony to legalize slavery
Transatlantic Slave Trade
(16-19th centuries)
-Mass transportation of blacks slaves to the Americas

-Economic success based off slavery
(Slave societies)

Frederick Douglass
-Social reformer, abolitionist
-Escaped slavery in Maryland
NLFDASlave, MBMFreedom, LTFD
Shay's Rebellion
(1786 and 1787)
-Armed uprising of 4 thousand men lead by Daniel Shay against debt collection (unpaid, taxed, economic hardship)

-US Convention -> Articles of Confederation

Haitian Revolution
12 year war
-Slave rebellion against French lead to Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase
-Thomas Jefferson
– Doubled size of the U.S.
-Cotton gin staple in the south
Cotton Gin
-Eli Whitney-> mass production of cotton
-Increased need and price of slaves
-lead to power looms and textiles (mercantilism)
Missouri Compromise
-Wanted to become a slave state but North thought it would make the South more powerful

-T. Jefferson thought slavery would die out but it only increased the need for free laborers

Andrew Jackson
Leader of new Democratic party
Indian Removal Act
Dismantle 2 B.U.S.
Indian Removal Act

Andrew Jackson

-Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole-> trail of tears

-Presidential power abused to override law popular opinion shaped laws

Local banks print money receipt for gold, counterfeit money became a problem
2nd B.U.S.
Andrew Jackson Refused to signoff on the renewal
-The President, Directors, & company of the Bank of the U.S.

-Fiscal transactions for the U.S.accountable to Congress & Treasury

-Established sound national currency

Panick of 1837
(After 2nd B.U.S. dismantled by A.Jackson)
-Massive financial crisis, gold and silver divided b/t states but no regulation on banks

-^P, decreased wages -> Federal financial regulation

Articles of Confederation
(1777 ratified 1781)
•Weak central gov't
-First Constitution of U.S.

-Limited federal power (couldn't tax and states had more power)

-Lead to US Constitution 1788

Virginia Plan
•Bicameral legislature proposal
-States with large population would have more representation

-Lead to the Connecticut Compromise (= in Senate, and population in House)

Federal Constitution
-U.S. Constitution

-Guaranteed certain basic rights, & strengthened federal government

-3 branches created

3/5 Clause
-Apportioning rep based off population (male) slaves =3/5 of a person also used for tax purposes

-Slaves more important tension created b/t N&S

Bill of Rights

-First 10 amendments

-Guarantees personal freedoms with limitations on gov't power

-Made US what it is today

1st Bank of U.S.

-Alexander Hamilton

-Federal monetary power regulates banks

-payed off war debts, established financial order, & raise $ 4 government

– Shawnee war chief rejuvenated the Western Confederacy
American System of Manufacturers
(19th century)
-Improved mercantilism world wide

-More efficient labor due to new technology

French Revolution
Deepened divide b/t Federalists and Democratic-Republican foes
Citizen Genet Affair
-French wanted American help with war against British
Jay's Treaty
Relieve tension between us and Britain after ear buds
Whiskey Rebellion
Alien and Sedition acts
John Adams
Harder to become US citizen (naturalization)
-people could be easily deported and imprisoned
Revolution of 1800s -First transfer of power from one party to another (President T.Jefferson elected)
Embargo of 1807 Prohibited american ships from moving until British and French stopped taking them
American commerce near total halt especially farmers
First tax imposed on demestic products new government
National gov't had will and ability to surpress violent resistance
Harder to become US citizen and people could be easily deported
Marbury v Madison
Established Supreme court
Created tension between colonies and the crown