Term Definition
Judicial Branch The court systems of local, state, and federal governments, responsible for interpreting the laws passed by the legislative branch and enforced by the executive branch.
Executive Branch The branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Impeachment to charge someone with doing something wrong, specifically a high government official, such as the US president, a senator, or a Federal judge.
Political Party an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office.
Sovereignty the authority of a state to govern itself or another state.
amendment a minor change in a document.
system of Checks and Balances A fundamental principle of American government, guaranteed by the Constitution, whereby each branch of the government has some measure of influence over the other branches and may choose to block procedures of the other branches.