|Union Pacific Railroad Company||Began building in the east. Irish immigrants worked for this company by helping build the railroad across the plains.|
|Central Pacific Railroad Company||Began building in the west (California) mainly Chinese built it.|
|Homestead Act||Government offered land for very little money to settlers who had to work in the west. This helped encourage people in the west.|
|Cattle drives||Ranchers/Cowboys herded cattle from the west and east, south, north to make money.|
|Battle of Bighorn||Lakata Indians fought against American armies. Indians have victories against them.
Custers last stand.
|Effects of the transcontinental railroad||Increased population in the west
Conflicts with Native Americans
Decreased buffalo population
More resources were available
|Changes for the Native Americans as people moved west||Government forced Indians to live on reservations. & the government granted this land.
Railroad destroyed hunting grounds & harmed the buffalo population
Arrival of the ranchers, miners, farmers took over the land
|Challenges for the Chinese immigrants working to build the railroad||Dangerous working conditions
very poor pay
food & water shortages
|Inventions that helped settlers on the Great Plains in the west||railroad
|Effects of people searching for gold in the west||boom towns
increased population in the west